Q: What kinds of plants and animals are there in Antarctica? The vegetation at Antarctica is limited to around 350 species of mostly lichens, mosses, and algae. Various sea birds, seals, and penguins are often seen in Antarctica such as the Emperor Penguin, Adelie Penguin, Orcas, Humpback whales, Weddell Seals and Leopard seals. Was this article helpful? Yes or No Can't find the answers you're looking for? Contact our support team and we'll personally get back to you as quickly as we can.